A dental extraction is the removal of a tooth. Dentists and oral surgeons perform dental extractions for many reasons. The issue may be a painful wisdom tooth or a tooth that has been badly damaged by decay. In some cases, a dentist will remove a tooth to make space for dental prosthetics or braces.
Dentists and oral surgeons remove teeth for various reasons. Some examples include:
- Dental cavities
- Gum disease
- Dental infections
- Trauma or injury to the tooth or surrounding bone
- Wisdom teeth complications
- Preparation for a dental prosthesis
- Preparation for dental braces, if the teeth are very crowded
- Baby teeth not falling out at the proper age
Procedure of dental extraction
Before starting the extraction, the surgeon will take an X-ray of the patient’s tooth. This image will help them evaluate the curvature and angle of the tooth’s root.
Once the local anaesthetic has numbed the area, the surgeon will begin the extraction. They may remove the tooth in several pieces.
If the tooth is concealed beneath gum tissue or bone, the doctor may need to cut away the gum or remove the obstructing area of bone.